The Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR) has released a report entitled: “The World Cup is Tainted with the Blood of 6,133 Syrian Civilians Killed by Russia” documenting the most notable violations by Russian forces since the start of its military intervention in Syria on September 30, 2015.
The report stresses that the World Cup is an opportune moment to remind the world of the atrocities that Russia have perpetrated in Syria, and expose its support for the most barbarian regime of the modern age, as the pictures of children, women, and civilians who were killed by Russian forces.
The report notes that 6,133 civilians, including 1,761 children and 661 women were killed by Russian forces who also perpetrated 317 massacres. According to the report, no less than 939 attacks on vital civilian facilities have been documented, including 167 attacks on medical facilities, 140 attacks on mosques, and 55 attacks on markets.
The report notes that Russian forces have carried out no less than 223 attacks using cluster munitions, in addition to 122 attacks. Additionally, the report notes that Russian forces provided a support for the Syrian regime in three chemical attacks whether before or after the attack.
One of the most major ramifications, the report adds, of the Russian offensives along with its two allies, the Assad and Iranian regime, were forcibly displacing no less than 2.5 million individuals.
The report stresses that the Russia has violated, beyond any doubt, Security Council resolutions 2139 and 2254 which both states that indiscriminate attacks must be ceased. Also, Russia has violated, through the crime of wilful killing, Article 8 of Rome Statue, which constitutes a war crime.
According to the report, Russian forces have violated the rules of the customary international humanitarian law and the international human rights law which guarantee the right to life. In addition, these indiscriminate attacks were carried out in a non-international armed conflict, which constitutes a war crimes as all elements have been fulfilled.
The report also calls on Russia to stop using veto to protect the Syrian regime who has been involved in perpetrating crimes against humanity and war crimes, as well as using chemical weapons.
The report calls on the Security Council to refer the case in Syria to the International Criminal Court and hold all those who were involved accountable, including Russia whose involvement in war crimes have been proven. Also, the Security Council should instil security and peace in Syria and implement the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ norm in order to preserve the Syrians’ lives, culture, and arts from being destroyed, looted, and ruined. Lastly, the report stresses that the Security Council should expand sanction to include the Syrian, Russian, and Iranian regimes who have been involved in crimes against humanity and war crimes against the Syrian people.